Coonarie Hundred Map
HUNDRED OF COONARIE - Proclaimed on the 23rd of January 1877.
COONARIE (66,560 acres, 104 sq. miles), Point Yorke, Tucockcowie.
Hundred of Coonarie. - Commencing at the south-west corner of the Hundred of Para Wurlie; thence true north to the northern shore of Investigator's Straits; thence north-easterly along said shore to the south-western corner of the Hundred of Moorowie; thence trne north to the south-east corner of the Hundred of Para Wurlie; thence easterly along south boundary of said Hundred to the point of commencement.
Given under my hand and the public seal of the said Province, at Adelaide, this twenty-third day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seyenty-seven, and in the forty-first year of Her Majesty's reign. By command,
WILLIAM MORGAN, Chief Secretary.
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!
Images are used courtesy of the State Library of South Australia
South Australian Land Purchases by Credit Selection 1869 to 1890
Land selectors hundred 1869 to 1890 Maureen M Leadbeater
FITZELL William; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 3; total area 360 acres; £360; 21-12-1880; Notes: Transfer application 18-3-1881, cause - absence from province; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 93, 835
GRIFFIN John; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 1, 33; total area 164 acres; £164; 4-1-1881; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 422
GRIFFIN John; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 7; total area 180 acres; £180; 14-1-1881; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 422
GRIFFIN T; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 34; total area 80 acres; £80; 14-11-1883; Source: GG 1883 v 2 p 2133
GRIFFIN Thomas; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 4; total area 242 acres; Notes: Transfer from previous selector, approved 22-10-1885; Source: GG 1885 v 2 p 530, 1138
KILDA Patrick; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 10, 11; total area 399 acres; £399; 29-12-1880; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 93
KOOP H F; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 9, 17; total area 361 acres; £361; 30-9-1881; Source: GG 1881 v 2 p 1099
MIATKE M; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 81; total area 371 acres; £380/5/6; 14-8-1883; Source: GG 1883 v 2 p 1191
MULVIHILL Edward; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 6; total area 265 acres; £265; 30-12-1880; Notes: Transfer, cause - personal hardship, approved 10-11-1882; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 93; 1882 p 2570, 3791
NAPIER John; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 5; total area 65 acres; £117 plus £5; 21-12-1880; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 93
O'BRIEN Patrick; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 2; total area 271 acres; £271; 29-12-1880; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 93
O'BRIEN Patrick; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 6; Notes: Transfer from previous selector, approved 10-11-1882; Source: GG 1882 p 2570, 3791
O'BRIEN William; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 34; total area 80 acres; £80; 30-12-1880; Notes: Revoked 27-2-1883; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 93; 1883 v 1 p 1286
POHLNER F A; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 3; total area 360 acres; Notes: Transfer from previous selector, application 18-3-1881; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 835
POHLNER F A; Fergusson; Hd Coonarie; Sect 4; total area 242 acres; £242; 1-3-1881; Notes: Transfer, cause - absence from province, approved 22-10-1885; Source: GG 1881 v 1 p 1216; 1885 v 2 p 530, 1138
In 1869, South Australia changed the method of purchasing Crown Lands from prepayment for cash to a credit scheme. The names of successful selectors were published in the SA Parliamentary Papers (PP) and the SA Government Gazettes (GG). This searchable database of 22,200 purchases by credit selection covers the period 1869-90. Land transfers up to 1893 are included.
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Tue 29 Nov 1883. Coming round to the hundred of Coonarie, the only piece of settlement is at Point Davenport. Five or six families have taken up ground there, but the soil has a hungry look, and the few paddocks I saw gave but little promise for the harvest. The whole district is most forbidding, and it is surprising that any sane person should have ever dreamed of pitching his tent among such miserable surroundings. With one or two friends I had a capital day's sport among the kangaroos, which are numerous here. Point Davenport was surveyed in allotments for a township some time ago, but few, if any, were sold, and nothing is seen of the proposed town of Nugent but dozens of surveyors' pegs and cuttings.
Claim for £150 for Trespassing.
At the Yorketown Local Court on Monday a case of breaking and trespassing was heard before Mr J. T. Keats S.M and Messrs RT MacFarlane and A. Rechner J's.P. The court house was crowded with eager listeners. Mr W. B. Goldsworthy appeared for the plaintiffs Messrs Fiedler and Heinrich and Mr A. C. Paine appeared for Messrs Burfitt Bros., of Bute, defendants.
Julian Hermann Fiedler, farmer, Moorovie, said he was the co-lessee with Mr A. H. Heinrch of leases No. 115,053 and 7,470, Hd. of Coonarie. There were about 6,500 acres. Went down on January 12 to have a look at their cattle and the place. Saw some men there near the hut and about 140 horses on their land. Saw defendant and asked him if they had taken possession of our place. He replied : "Yes, in a way, we water the horses on the reserve here." Witness informed him that land was not a reserve. The windmills and well were their property and land was leased by plaintiffs. Defendant told him that Clerk of Warooka District Council had said he thought it was a reserve, Defendants cleared out of our hut when we came and went to their covered waggon, which was also on our land. Mr Heinrich and witness instructed Burfitt to clear horses off their property in 24 hours. Defendant said not to be hard on them and asked for a couple of days, to which they agreed. Next day were informed that defendant's well had fallen in and was dangerous, We then offered them use of land and water for four months for £80, which offer was not accepted. In November we had 80 head of cattle on the laud and the feed would have lasted for 12 months.
Cross-examined by Mr Paine —There were fences at the East end only, about two miles from the well. Had not been there for five years. Did not know that their own cattle had been trespassing on Kildea's blocks. Told Burfitt he could not water his horses at the well. Was not aware of clause in their lease which gave the travelling public a right to use the water. Burfitt said he only wanted water—did not want feed.
A. H. Heinrich, farmer and butcher, near Yorketown, said he visited the land on January 12, as he had heard that these men were there with horses. In conversation with them he found they were poor and had nothing. On defendant's leased land there was only a 400 gallon tank and an old well. He understood that most of the time the men were out shooting and hunting whilst horses were looking after themselves. He did not know where the 3 chain road was situated. He did not get a letter from defendant accepting their offer. He had 90 head of cattle, they could go where they liked—there were no fences except at the East end.
Court adjourned at 6 p m. and resumed at 7.15 p.m.
Albert Domasehenz, farmer Yorketown said he met Mr B. Burfitt at Fiedler's hut on January 15. He was surprised to see 140 horses on the land. He was also there in August when the feed was splendid. He could hardly credit that stock would eat down scrub food as it looked on January 15. Next day he saw Mr J. Burfitt who said he had had "a bit of a rumpus with Mr Heinrich, he wanted £80 for 4 months hut he would see him in first."
Magistrate : I hope they won't meet there.
Cross-examined by Mr Goldsworthy — They were camped on Heinrich's land about 30 yards from the hut. Heinrich's cattle were at the trough waiting for water.
By Mr Paine—Did not know locality of 3 chain road. The windmill and well were on the usual stock route to and from Marion Bay. Was told there was no feed on Kildea's block. Mr Paine before calling defendant said his client admits a technical trespass. The wells used by his client were on a public reserve, and the leases of the plaintiff gave them a right to use them. He suggested that a farthing damages be awarded and plantiffs pay their own costs.
James Burfitt, defendant, a farmer living at Bute, He took too horses to Cape York on November 28, 1914, and occupied Kildea's sections. Watered at Eichner's that night. Dark when they arrived and camped in road near section Z. Went to Kildea's next morning, bringing horses once a day to Block Z to water and gave them a fair time to drink then took them back. When he saw Mr Fiedler on January 12 he had just watered the horses. Fiedler said ''Shift those horses, and that very quickly'' Told him it was a reserve, Clerk of Warooka District Council had said that no person paid the rates for Block Z. Told him that we would make terms about the water if he had the lease of the reserve, and wrote his fellow farmers re Fiedler's offer to take £20 a month. He sent a letter to Warooka and did not hear any more until he got the summons. The feed on Kildea's ground consisted of spinefex, white and black grass, and other herbage. They had better feed on their ground than Hienrich's. He had seen travelling stock using the well at Block Z, they were mostly horses and cattle. He never made use of the words that he wonId see Mr Heinrich in __
Cross - examined by Mr Goldsworthy—It was difficult to tell where the road was situated, sometimes he did not know whether he was on the road or not, as there were no fences. Their land consisted of about 5,000 acres, Two men looked after the horses. He would not look at the £80 offer. He had never stopped W. Griffin from watering at the well.
Jacob Guthleben also gave evidence. T. H. Liddicoat, farmer, Hundred of Warrenben, did not think there was any difference in the feed on Heinrich's and Kildea's land. The track had been much used by stock this year. There was no feed on Heinrich's sections, did not know how cattle existed there. About June the feed was good and had since gradually fallen off. There were about 100 head of cattle on Heinrich's land during most of last season.
The Bench in delivering the verdict said the evidence was conflicting especially in reference to the feed. Considering the season the feed had been very valuable to the plaintiffs. No doubt there was a trespass. Plaintiffs had overlooked defendant right to use the well. Although the wells were put down by plaintiffs they had reverted to the Crown when their lease lapsed five years ago, and were now Crown property, notwithstanding a new lease having been taken out by Plaintiffs. Verdict given for Plaintiff for £35. A counter claim for £50 for trespass of plaintiffs cattle, put in by Mr Paine was not allowed.
Mr. R. M Campbell last week found a big whale on the beach opposite the Salt Lake, on the seaward side of Lake Bonney. The monster is 60 ft. long, with a girth of about 29 ft. The weather has been exceedingly rough along the coast, and the body of the whale bore evidence of severe battering on the adjacent reefs. Oil was oozing out of the carcase, and running into the sea. Many people have since visited the locality, but no effort has been made to turn the find to profitable account. Our Yorketown representative telegraphed on Tuesday:—A whale was washed ashore at Foul Bay, near Sandy Poit, Southern Yorke's Peninsula, about 25 miles from here, on Sunday. Messrs. Hoare, Wilky, and Conroy were inspecting their farming blocks in the vicinity when they noticed what looked like a large boat washed upon the shore. Upon their arrival at the spot they found a dead whale. 50 ft. long. It had evidently been washed into shallow water during a recent big blow. The carcase was 5 ft. in diameter.
Destruction by Hunters.
Quite a number of farmers in the south and south-western portion the Peninsula are complaining of the ruthless destruction of their fences by kangaroo hunters. One farmer calculated his loss in value of sheep killed by the kangaroo dogs, and destruction of his fences by the hunters, at £200. He not only lost the sheep but also this season's wool in addition ; another farmer who has had a holding in the Coonarie district for many years stated that regularly for several years past it has cost him many pounds to repair broken fences. It is advisable for hunting parties and others in these districts to think as much of the value of other peoples property as they do of their own. Attention is called to the various notices in our advertising colums dealing with this matter.
Any Person caught. SHOOTING with a rifle in Windy or Desert Hut Scrubs, HD, of COONARIE (which are stocked with Horses and Cattle) will be PROSECUTED.
All horses and cattle found trespassing on Nos. 5, 12 and 13 Hd of Coonarie, will be impounded. All pigs, dogs, poultry, etc., will be destroyed. November 13, 1915. W. C.EICHNER. 9833
Trespassing on block
A ' H,' Hundred of Coonarie, will be Prosecuted; all dogs destroyed. Poison will be laid.—Jas. A. Murdock, Warooka
Reports from Yorke Point indicate, that many hundreds of tons timber have been washed ashore at the bottom end of Yorkes Peninsula. Messrs Ed. Eichner and Joe Braun have been engaged with two horses in hauking the timber above high watermark. Huge pieces pf the ship's deck and and sides have also come ashore. Large pieces of whalebone from the recent, stranded whale are also scattered along the shore The right to recover the timber and take possession of it will be sold by public auction at Pt. Adelaide next Friday Feb. 23. Mr J. W. Canaway, average adjuster is dealing with the matter. He values the 400 tons at Foul Bay at appoximately £ 000, which leaves plenty of margin for speculators. Full particulars will be found in our advertising columns.
CUTTER AND KETCH ASHORE AT. FOUL BAY
Driven On Beach In Gale FREIGHTERS DAMAGED
A report was received at Port Adelaide yesterday that the ketch Hecla from Port Adelaide, and the fishing cutter Lady Angas, were ashore at Foul Bay. near Edithburgh. They were driven on the beach during the storm on Tuesday night, and are high and dry. Neither is damaged. During the same storm, two overseas freighters, the Tongariro and the Somerset, which berthed at Port Adelaide yesterday, were damaged by heavy seas. The Somerset, coming from Fremantle had her starboard gangway and part of the deck railing smashed, and part of the forward railing of the Tongariro was badly twisted on the passage from Melbourne. While berthed at No. 1 Quay yesterday morning the interstate freighter Mildura was slewed half-way round by a sudden heavy gust from the north-east, and her bow struck the wharf, tearing away a small section of the jarrah fender. The Ellerman and Bucknall steamer City of Brisbane, which is due this morning about 24 hours late, left Melbourne about the same time as the Tongariro, but, being in fairly light trim, was forced to shelter, and remained off Portsea during the worst of the gale.
Salvage Gear Obtained
The Hecla, in the charge cf Captain T. Olsen was anchored in Foul Bay loading salt from lighters when the weather conditions freshened on Tuesday afternoon. Loading operations had to be stopped, and during the night, when the storm increased to gale force, the ketch was driven ashore. Morning found her high and dry. After an inspection had been made of her position. Captain Olsen decided that it would be impossible for her to be refloated without proper equipment. Captain Olsen hired a lorry at Maitland and returned to Port Adelaide yesterday. Arrangements were mace for salvage gear to be obtained and he will return to Foul Bay on Monday, and on Tuesday, or as soon as there is a favorable tide, efforts will be made to refloat the ketch. Anchors will be dropped off shore and will be attached to the Hecla by chains. Board skids will be laid down into deep water, and at high tide efforts will be made to refloat the ship by hauling on the anchors. The Lady Angas, 10-ton fishing cutter, owned by Mr. A. Angas. of Edithburgh, is lying on the beach veil above the high water mark. The harbor-master at Edithburgh said last night that the cutter was driven ashore during the storm on Tuesday night, and so far no efforts had been made to refloat her. She was well up on the beach, and it was doubtful whether she would be got back into the water until the spring tides occurs unless there was an exceptionally high tide earlier through stormy conditions.
"Paling Hut" Sold.
Messrs. Richardson Bros, and Kempe report that, on behalf of Messrs. Newbold, they have effected a sale of Sections 101 and 102, in Hundred of Coonarie, containing 3868 acres, and also advise that they have on their books for sale a further 6745 acres of the well-known scrub land held by the Newbold family for a number of years.
SCRUB FIRE. IN COONARIE DISTRICT.
Mr. Clem Heinrich of Edithburgh, wishes to publicly congratulate the firefighters of Warooka and their splendid organisation, and the successful way in which they combined to combat the scrub fire which was burning last week in the Coonarie district, on the properties of Messrs. J. Murdock and R. Newbold. The fire which began on Block H spread (or sped) to Blocks 25, 24 and 23, was eventually controlled. Calls on the telephone brought help from Corny Point, Warooka and other districts. In an interview with Mr. Heinrich, we gleaned that it was his first experience at a big scrub fire and he learned quite a lot about the modern methods employed in fire-fighting. He said the organisation was perfect and paid a tribute to Mr. T. A. Murdock (Fire Control Officer), who so placed his men that they were enabled to force the fire into an area where little damage could result. It was strenuous work and some of the men were on the job for 48 hours with very little rest.
The women folk who provided food and drink deserve special thanks for their unselfish labors, without which successful firefight ing could not be carried on.
Only Seashell of its Kind In S.A.
A specimen of the only known pearly nautilus — a larpe sea shell about 9 in. in diameter —found in SA, has been given the SA Museum.
Announcing this, the museum's conchologist (Mr. B. C. Cotton) said that it was the gift of Mr. Percy Scott, of Victor Harbor, son of the late Mr. James Scott who found the pearly nautilus in fresh condition at Foul Bay, southern Yorke Peninsula in 1911.
From a study of ocean currents it was thought that the nautilus had drifted down the eastern coast of Australia to SA waters, out that was now proved incorrect. 'The specimen has now been identified as the large south - western Australian pearly nautilus which is quite distinct from the smaller Indo- Pacific and south Queensland species added Mr. Cotton.
Judith Cotton, (laughter of SA Museum comhologist (Mr. B. C. Cotton), with the pearly nautilus shell. photo